Ayyaam Al Ashara refers to the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah, the 12th month of the Hijri calendar. These days are very sacred and Allah Ta’ala showers His blessings upon those believers who devote these days in remembering Him and worshipping Him. Hereunder are a few narrations regarding the significance and blessings of these ten days.
It has been narrated that Allah Ta’ala will bestow ten charismatic gifts upon anyone who treats these ten days with all due honour and respect, namely:
- Blessed grace in his earthly life
- Increase in his property and wealth
- Safekeeping for his dependents
- The remission of his misdeeds
- The multiplication of his good deeds
- The easing of his agonies in the throes of death
- The illumination of his darkness and gloom in the grave
- The favourable weighting of his balance at the Resurrection
- Salvation from the descending layers from Hell
- Promotion to the ascending levels of Paradise
If someone makes a charitable donation (Sadaqah) to a needy person during these ten days, it will be as if he had presented charitable donations to all of Allah Ta’ala’s Prophets and Messengers (Alaihimus Salaam). If someone visits a sick person, it will be as if he had paid such visits to all the Saints of Allah and to all His spiritual deputies. If someone attends a funeral service (Janazah) it will be as if he had attended the funeral services of all His Martyrs. If someone clothes a true believer, Allah will clothe him from His store of fine garments. If someone treats an orphan kindly, Allah Ta’ala will treat him kindly on the Day of Judgment, beneath the shadow of His Heavenly Throne (Arsh). If someone attends one of the sessions of religious learning, it will be as if he had attended the sessions held by all of the Prophets and Messengers of Allah Ta’ala (Alaihimus Salaam).
Hazrat Shaikh Abul Barakaat (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) has informed us on good authority that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) once said, “The chieftain of the months is the month of Ramadaan and the mightiest of them in sanctity is Dhul Hijjah.” He further informed us that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) once said, “Of all the days of this world, the most excellent are the ten days of Dhul Hijjah.”
According to another Hadith Hazrat Aisha Siddiqah (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anha) was once heard to have said, “During the lifetime of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) there was a man who was extremely fond of vocal music (singing). As soon as the new moon of Dhul Hijjah appeared however, he would start the day in a state of fasting. The story came to the notice of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), so they brought the man to his presence and he asked him, “What has prompted you to devote these days to fasting?” He said, “Oh Messenger of Allah, they are days of religious ceremonies and the days of Pilgrimage (Hajj), so I dearly wished that Allah Ta’ala might allow me to participate in the pilgrims’ prayer of supplication.” On hearing this, Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) told the man, “For each and every day you devote to fasting, you will be credited with the emancipation of a hundred slaves, with a hundred shecamels for you to guide in caravan, and with a hundred mares for you to ride in the cause of Allah Ta’ala. Then when it comes to the Day of Tarwiyya (8th of Dhul Hijjah), you will be credited with the emancipation of a thousand slaves, with a thousand she-camels for you to guide in caravan and with two thousand mares for you to ride in the cause of Allah Ta’ala. Then when it comes to the Day of Arafat (9th of Dhul Hijjah), you will be credited with the emancipation of two thousand slaves, with two thousand she-camels for you to guide in caravan, and with two thousand mares for you to ride in the cause of Allah Ta’ala. You will also be credited with keeping the fast in the year before this one, and in the year to come after it.”
Hazrat Ibn Abbas (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) is reported as having said, “Of all the days in which righteous work is performed, nothing is dearer to Allah Ta’ala than a man who does righteous work during these ten days. When Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said this, the Blessed Companions asked him, “Oh Messenger of Allah, not even the sacred struggle for the cause of Allah?” To this he replied, “Not even the sacred struggle for the cause of Allah. The only exception is a man who leaves his home with his self-centered personality (nafs) and his material wealth, and then brings nothing of that back on his return.”
It has also been reported that the blessed wife of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), Hazrat Hafsa (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anha) once said, “There were four practices that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) never failed to observe, namely: fasting during the ten days of Dhul Hijjah; fasting on the Day of Ashura; fasting on at least three days of every month; and two cycles of voluntary ritual prayer before the prescribed prayer of early morning.”
According to Hazrat Aisha (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anha), Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) once said, “If someone enlivens (remains awake in) any night of the ten nights of Dhul Hijjah, it will be as if he had performed the same worshipful service for the sake of Allah, as someone who not only performs the Hajj, but also performs the Visitation (Umrah) throughout the entire year. If someone devotes one day to fasting during that period, it will be as if he had devoted the whole of the year to the worshipful service of Allah Ta’ala.
Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) once also said, “When the ten days and nights of Dhul Hijjah come around, you must devote yourselves strenuously to worshipful obedience for they are ten days upon which Allah Ta’ala has bestowed His Special Favour and He has made the sanctity of their night-time equivalent to the sanctity of their daytime. So if a worshipper prays during any night of the ten nights, performing four cycles of ritual prayer in the last third of the night, including the following recitations:
- The Opening Surah of The Holy Qur’an (Surah Fatiha) one time only
- The Two Pleas of Refuge (Surah Falaq and Surah Naas)
- The Surah of Sincere Devotion (Surah Ikhlas), repeating it three times and:
- The Verse of the Throne (Ayatul Kursi), repeating it three times in each cycle
And he raises his hands, as soon as he has completed his ritual prayer, and says:
Subhaana Dhil ‘Izzati Wal Jabaroot; Subhaana Dhil Qudrati Wal Malakoot; Subhaanal Hayyilladhi La Yamoot; La ilaaha illa Huwa Yuhyi wa yumeetu wa Huwa Hayyulla yamoot; Subhaanallahi Rabbil ‘ibaadi wal bilaad; Alhamdulillahi Katheeran wa Tayyiban Wa Mubarakan ‘Ala kulli haal; Allahu Akbaru Kabeera Rabbana Jalla Jalaaluhu Wa Qudratuhu bi kulli Makaan
And if he then pleads for whatever he wishes, he will be entitled to the same reward as someone who performs the Pilgrimage to the Sacred House of Allah Ta’ala, visits the Rauza-e-Anwar (Sacred Tomb) of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and strives in the cause of Allah. Whatever he asks of Almighty Allah, He will surely grant him his request.
If he performs that same ritual prayer during every night of the ten nights, Allah Ta’ala will grant him lawful access to the Highest Paradise (Jannatul Firdaus), and He will erase every bad deed from his record and he will be told, “Now set about your work from a new beginning.”
If it happens to be the Day of Arafat, and he devotes the daytime to fasting and the night to ritual prayer and he pronounces this invocation and he offers many a humble entreaty in the Presence of Allah Ta’ala, then Almighty Allah will say, “O My angels, bear witness that I have granted him forgiveness, and that I have equated him with the Pilgrimage to the House of Allah (Hajj).” The angels will be delighted to learn what Allah Ta’ala has bestowed upon that believing servant, as a reward for his Salaah and Dua.
May Allah Ta’ala grant us the Taufeeq to honour these sacred ten days and to make us much Ibaadat as possible for His pleasure, Ameen.
[Compiled from Ghunyalit Taalibi Tareeqal Haq by Hazrat Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Qadir Jilani Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh]